Myanmar Comprehensive Education Sector Review Myanmar Comprehensive Education Sector Review Ministry of Education

Myanmar Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR)

The vision of the CESR is to develop an education system that promotes a learning society capable of facing the challenges of the Knowledge Age and that it helps to build a modern developed nation through education.


The CESR is a collaborative partnership charged with the task of ensuring that Myanmar’s education system promotes a ‘learning society capable of facing the challenges of the Knowledge Age’ and that it helps to build ‘a modern developed nation through education’. It is ensuring that there is a full and comprehensive understanding of the current status of education.The process is fully supported by Myanmar’s Development Partners sharing with the Government a commitment to the achievement of quality education for all within the country’s broader socio-economic development. To develop a comprehensive policy framework and a costed education sector plan, supported by the establishment of partnership mechanisms, will enable more effective and efficient mobilisation and use of resources for education and establish mechanisms for sustained stakeholder participation in the education sector at all levels.

CESR is an inclusive, participatory process that is led by government but involves a wide range of education stakeholders. Implementation directly involves a range of different ministries and departments involved in education, as well as a wide range of Development Partners (UN, multilateral, bilateral and non-governmental organisations) that support financial, technical and coordination aspects of implementation.

All education stakeholders in Myanmar, including parents, students, communities, representatives of different ethnic groups, teachers, head teachers, education offices at the State/Regional and township levels, monastic education stakeholders, CBOs, academics and others; are playing a vital role in the review.


The Multi-Donor Education Fund (MDEF) is collaboration between UNICEF, Australian Aid, European Union, DFID (UK Aid), Denmark, and Norway. MDEF was set up to help accelerate the progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals on basic education in Myanmar and is now committed to supporting the CESR process. MDEF addresses the urgent need for management in Myanmar’s basic education sector. It aims at improving education policy and systems, strengthening the quality of education at township level, and bringing more children into education. Other development partners outside MDEF are contributing to the CESR process. Their particular assistance is detailed below.

Phase One Development Partners

  • Asian Development Bank
  • Aus Aid
  • Denmark
  • DFID (UKAid)
  • European Union
  • GIZ
  • JICA
  • Norwegian Embassy
  • World Bank

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a multilateral development institution dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth and regional integration.

ADB serves as a partner to developing member countries in the region in promoting economic and social development through loans, grants, policy dialogue, technical assistance, equity investments, and other modalities. ADB’s Strategy 2020 identifies education as one of five core sectors for ADB operations.

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Australia aims to reduce poverty in Myanmar and help the country transition to a stable, more democratic and more prosperous member of the region and the international community.

Australia delivers assistance primarily through multi-donor trust funds, United Nations agencies, and local and international organisations. Australia will work with the Myanmar Government to identify aid priorities and build its capacity to deliver essential services.

Denmark contributes to to MDEF, the multi-donor fund for education in Myanmar.

The British Department for International Development contributes to MDEF, the multi-donor fund for education in Myanmar.

The European Union contributes to MDEF, the multi-donor fund for education in Myanmar, the multi-donor fund for education in Myanmar.

The GIZ (Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit) has been involved in the Comprehensive Education Sector Review since its first phase. The support of the CESR is part of GIZ’s holistic approach in promoting TVET in Myanmar. In close cooperation with various key ministries GIZ intends to foster stakeholder cooperation, communication and the use of best practice on the policy level. Capacity Development, involvement of private sector in TVET and the development of demand driven solutions are focal areas of GIZ involvement. Read more at: For more information please contact:

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has continuously supported Myanmar basic education since 1997, responding to both quality and access needs. JICA has made major contribution to introducing the child-centered approach (CCA) in primary schools through development of teachers’ guides, development of in-service teacher training program for CCA implementation, and upgrading a part of Education College (EC) curriculum of Education Colleges.

Norway contributes to the MDEF the multi-donor fund for education in Myanmar.

UNESCO, the United National Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, is a specialized agency of the United Nations with a mission to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information. UNESCO’s educational objectives are to support the achievement of Education for All (EFA); to provide global and regional leadership in education; to strengthen education systems worldwide from early childhood to the adult years; and to respond to contemporary global challenges through education. As the only United Nations agency with a mandate to cover all aspects of education, UNESCO’s work encompasses educational development from pre-school through to higher education, including technical and vocational education and training, non-formal education and literacy. The Organization focuses on increasing equity and access, improving quality, and ensuring that education develops knowledge and skills in areas such as sustainable development, HIV and AIDS, human rights and gender equality. UNESCO works with governments and a wide range of partners to make education systems more effective through policy change. It coordinates the Education for All movement, tracks education trends and raises the profile of educational needs on global development agendas.

The overriding goal of the United Nations Children's Fund current program in Myanmar is to protect and further children's rights to survival, development, protection and participation. Recognizing that the wellbeing of children is closely linked to the health and wellbeing of their mothers, UNICEF also works to help women in Myanmar realize these fundamental rights.


The World Bank is now fully engaged with the government to support reforms that will benefit all of the people of Myanmar, including the poor and vulnerable.