Myanmar Comprehensive Education Sector Review Myanmar Comprehensive Education Sector Review Ministry of Education

Myanmar Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR)

The vision of the CESR is to develop an education system that promotes a learning society capable of facing the challenges of the Knowledge Age and that it helps to build a modern developed nation through education.


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Myanmar Government announces major new initiatives in its Education Reform Program

Union Minister for Education H.E Dr. Daw Khin San Yee giving opening speech at the Quick Wins activities for Programmatic Education Reform and Required Budget Plan held at the University Diamond Jubilee Hall on 29 September 2014 H.E Dr. Daw Khin San Yee, Union Minister for Education, at the meeting H.E Dr. Aung Kyaw Myat, Deputy Minister of Ministry of Science and Technology discussing at the meeting

On Monday 29th September, the Myanmar Government announced 12 major new initiatives in Education Reform, which it will implement during 2015-16.

Speaking at Diamond Jubilee Hall in Yangon to Development Partners, Government representatives and other key stakeholders, Union Minster for Education Dr Daw Khin San Yee provided the Opening Speech at the meeting.

The 12 new initiatives were then announced. These initiatives, or ‘Quick Wins’ will address one of more of the Government’s and MoE’s reform objectives:

  • - Expand access;
  • - Improve quality;
  • - Address equity;
  • - Strengthen the national education system (NES).

The 12 initiatives will increase the Myanmar Education budget by approximately 10%.

The initiatives are as follows:

  1. Strengthening 3,000 primary school-based ECCD Centres, prioritizing remote and border areas
  2. Primary Education sub-sector: fully establishing 44,401 kindergartens in all primary schools
  3. Secondary Education sub-sector: National School Mapping Study and construction of 2,000 new classrooms in schools in remote and border areas
  4. Secondary Education sub-sector: Strengthening libraries in 2,795 High Schools and establishing e-libraries in 300 High Schools (pilot)
  5. Primary and Secondary Education sub-sectors: Establishment of a new, rationalized basic education curriculum and student assessment system
  6. Primary and Secondary Education sub-sectors: National Study on Impediments for Effective Teaching and launch of National In-service Teacher Training Program
  7. Primary and Secondary Education sub-sectors: Quality framework-based school inspection system and linked planning system reaching 5,000 schools by June 1 2016, plus training for 5,000 Head teachers, BoT, and PTA members
  8. TVET sub-sector: Provision of TVET competency-based modular short courses for 5,000 out-of-school, disadvantaged youth and young adults
  9. TVET sub-sector: Establishment of a TVET Council
  10. Launch of a new University entrance policy and system design
  11. Education Management Training Centre offering a diploma in education management for managers and launch of a Capacity Building Program to support the Ministry of Education restructure
  12. Communication campaign and launch of an Education TV Channel to support communication with stakeholders

These initiatives will be introduced over the next two years. At the same time the Government has passed a National Education Law, sub-sector laws are being developed, and budgets and policies for the overall Education Reform Program will be presented to Government by the end of 2014. CESR and EPIC are working on these issues together with the Ministry of Education.

More Education Reform initiatives will be reported as they are announced.

Important progress is achieved on Myanmar Government’s Education Reform Program

As many as 150 participants attended at the Taunggyi Consultation workshop Various education stakeholders, including local authorities, teachers, students, ethnic groups from Shan and Kayah States, attending at the Taunggyi Consultation workshop Attendees from six states and regions – Yangon, Bago, Ayeyarwaddy, Tanin Thar Yi Regions and Rakhine and Chin States, at the Yangon Consultation workshop

As 2014 develops, much progress is being achieved in the Myanmar Government’s Education Reform Programme.

Both CESR (Comprehensive Education Sector Review) and EPIC (Education Promotion Implementation Committee) have worked hard to meet timeframes for the Programme, and weekly progress reports have been submitted to the President’s office.

The three phases for CESR are:

  • Phase 1: Rapid Assessment. This was a sector wide assessment for identification of urgent priorities and reform issues and information on knowledge gaps for Phase 2. This was completed in mid 2013.
  • Phase 2: In Depth Analysis. A detailed sector analysis which is large scale, participatory and will incorporate more focussed investigations and capacity building. This phase has now been completed and consultations are underway on the findings.
  • Phase 3: Development of one overall National Education Sector Plan, with cost analyses for Government.


The Phase 2 analyses components cover Early Childhood Care and Development, Primary Education, Secondary Education, Policy, Legislation and Management, Information Communications Technology, Non Formal Education, Technical and Vocational Education, Curriculum, Language, Teacher Education and Higher Education.

The preliminary reports for all these segments are on the CESR’s new website, www.cesrmm.orgunder Documents.

Seven national consultations are now underway on the reports. They are being held with local and regional government members and officials, National races, NGO representatives, teachers, parents, students, education stakeholders and media, in Yangon, Taunggyi, Mawlamyine, Monywa, Mandalay and Nay Pyi Taw. The findings from the consultations will help finalise the Phase 2 Reports and help identify the steps needed for Phase 3.

Key presenters at the consultations have included: Kayah State National Races Minister U Sein Oo; Mon State Social Minister Dr Hla Oo; Sagaing Region Social Minister Dr Myint Thein, Dr Thane Myint, Chariman of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science; Director General of Department of Myanmar Education Research Bureau, MOE; Daw Tin Tin Shu, Head of CESR, and many others.

The results from the consultations have been overwhelmingly positive, with participants pleased to have the chance to contribute to these important reforms. There has been much discussion of the options being put forward. About 1000 people are expected to attend these during 2013-14 as the Programme has progressed.


Major issues arising from the reports are about university autonomy, consolidation and quality assurance; how language will be managed in schools; and the length of time for schooling.


A National Education Law has been presented to the Hluttaw and is expected to be passed in the current session. A Basic Education Law, Higher Education Law and TVET law, Private Education Law are being drafted, which will fall under the framework of the overall National Education Law.


The Government’s key messages for the overall Education Reform Programme are:

  • It is undertaking extensive reforms to provide a quality education which strengthens the traditions and culture of Myanmar
  • The reforms will be based on principles of equity and inclusion, to achieve ‘people-centred development’, education for all and all for education
  • The reforms will ensure that the system offers good quality education options for Myanmar’s children, from early childhood to tertiary education
  • The reforms will promote a learning society and will build a more competitive economy with higher levels of skill.


A number of decisions are already being implemented by Government, including:

  • Commitment to a substantial increase in the overall education budget;
  • Strengthening quality and equity in education in order to promote equitable and sustainable development in all states and regions;
  • US $100 million investment in the school grants and stipends programme;
  • School grants increased to a minimum of 800,000 kyat per school;
  • Student stipends increased;
  • No entrance fees for primary and middle schools;
  • Free text books and exercise books for primary students;
  • Stationery grant of 1,000 kyat provided to each primary school student;
  • Recruitment of 50,000 new teachers;
  • Training of 30,000 new teachers;
  • Transfers and promotions based on merit;
  • Provision for at least five teachers including school head per primary school by regional and state governments;
  • Literacy campaign extended to 29 townships;
  • Child Centred Approach (CCA) extended to all townships to improve thinking skills, creative skills of each student;
  • Parent Teacher Associations strengthened for each student learning achievement;
  • Extension of scholarship programmes and scouts and girl guides programmes.

These are very substantial achievements which lay the foundation for major progress in the overall Programme.


The objectives of Phase 3 are to provide a strategic planning tool for the national education strategy; to enable Government to engage with Development Partners to mobilize external financing to support reforms; to provide Government with a clearer idea of costs, so priorities can be established in line with ‘people centred development’; and to point to the structural reforms required to implement the decentralization policy.

It is now agreed that the overall reform programme will be known as the National Education Sector Plan, in view of its breadth and significance. The NESP will require a structure which includes clear objectives, strategies and policies, targets and milestones, main programme activities, programme monitoring and management, and financial planning within the two and five year timeframes identified.

Phase 3, the preparation of a National Education Plan, with costed sector plans, began in May and will be finalised late in 2014. CESR and EPIC’s work will come together in Phase 3. It will include two plans:

  • A 2 year plan covering 2014-16
  • A 5 plan covering 2015-21.

One final plan will be presented to Government by the close of 2014 with realistic deadlines for the production of the NESP costed sector plans.

Education Reform Programme – CESR and EPIC

• As 2014 progresses, both CESR and EPIC (Education Promotion Implementation Committee) are working hard to meet timeframes for the education reform programme. 18 EPIC Working Groups have been working closely with CESR sub teams and Development Partners to complete submissions.

• Weekly progress reports are being provided to the President’s Office, and fortnightly consultations have been held at Diamond Jubilee Hall to seek suggestions and comments from key stakeholders on the direction of the education reform programme. Phase 2 will shortly be completed, and Phase 3, which includes the provision of costed sector recommendations, will soon commence.


CESR Phase Two will soon conclude

The second phase of the Comprehensive Education Sector Review is almost completed

CESR Phase One Complete

The CESR is proud to announce that the first phase of the comprehensive education sector review is complete.